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Children in Primary School education Year 1 have the opportunity to work using a variety of materials and styles through topic work such as

  • portraits
  • observation of work of artists such as Van Gogh, Hockney and Renoir
  • light and shade

In design and technology they design and make a home, moving pictures and vehicles with a push and pull mechanism.



During primary school education Years 1 and 2 (Key Stage 1), pupils investigate their local area and a contrasting area abroad, finding out about the environment in both areas and the people who live there. They also begin to learn about the wider world. They carry out geographical enquiry inside and outside the classroom. In doing this they ask geographical questions about people, places and environments, and use geographical skills and resources such as maps and photographs.

In Year 1 primary school education  they learn through the following topics:

  • My Local Area – Where can I go? How can I get there?
  • Where do I come from? Where have I been?
  • Where in the World is Barnaby Bear? North, East, South, West Hot + Cold Climates, Animals, Habitats, Plants
  • How can we make our school safer?



Fluent Greek speakers in Primary School Education Year 1 follow the Ministry of Education Greek curriculum taught in all the government primary schools.
Our aim for children learning Greek as an additional language is to provide them with vocabulary and give them the confidence to use it.
Using songs, games, rhymes, flash cards, vocabulary with pictures and lots of oral work based on topics we teach children to

  • Learn basic vocabulary
  • Hold simple conversations
  • Sing and say simple nursery rhymes and songs
  • Understand simple instructions
  • Recognise the alphabet sounds and read phonetically
  • Write simple words and sentences

We cover topics such as

  • Greetings
  • Colours
  • Ourselves
  • My family
  • Daily routine
  • Parts of the body
  • Christmas
  • Summer


During Primary School educattion Years 1 and 2 (Key Stage 1), children learn about people’s lives and lifestyles. They find out about significant men, women, children and events from the recent and more distant past, including those from both Cyprus and the wider world. They listen and respond to stories and use sources of information to help them ask and answer questions. They learn how the past is different from the present.
In Year 1 they learn through the following topics:

  • My Family Tree
  • What Were Homes Like Long Ago
  • How Did People Travel in the Past



At the American Academy Nicosia we teach English (Reading, Writing and Grammar) based on the outlines given in the English National Curriculum. In addition, we follow a grammar scheme of work which builds skills year on year. Guided reading is also an aspect of our curriculum which supports the English National Curriculum objectives.

In Primary School Education Year 1 the children are taught:



  • Match graphemes for all phonemes
  • Read accurately by blending sounds
  • Read words with common suffixes
  • Read contractions & understand purpose
  • Read phonics books aloud
  • Link reading to own experiences
  • Discuss significance of title & events
  • Make simple predictions Writing




  • Name letters and sounds of the alphabet
  • Spell non-phonetic high frequency words
  • Use knowledge of phonics in predictive spelling
  • Use common prefixes & suffixes
  • Develop legible, correctly formed handwriting
  • Compose sentences orally before writing using success criteria
  • Read own writing to peers or teachers
  • Develop a voice as a write. Using a variety of strategies VCOP, story mountains, talk for writing, WOW words


  • Leave spaces between words
  • Begin to use basic punctuation: . ? !
  • Use capital letters for proper nouns.
  • Use common plural & verb suffixes

Speaking & Listening

  • Listen & respond appropriately
  • Ask relevant questions
  • Maintain attention & participate





Use and Apply Mathematics

  • One-step problems that involve addition & subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 7 = [] – 9
  • Recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes


Counting & Number Relationships 

  • Count reliably at least 20 objects recognising that when rearranged the number of objects stays the same;
  • Relate addition to counting on and count on or back in ones, twos, fives and tens;
  • Estimate a number of objects that can be checked by counting
  • Compare and order numbers
  • Use + - and =
  • Read and write numerals from 0 to 100;
  • Use knowledge of place value to position these numbers on a number track and number line
  • Say the number that is one more or less than any given number, and ten more or less for multiples of ten
  • Use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least
  • Use the vocabulary of halves and quarters in context; recognise, find and name a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity
  • Recognise, find and name a quarter as one of four equal parts of an object, shape or quantity.


Number Facts

  • Number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20 
  • Count in multiples of twos, fives and tens



  • Add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20, including zero
  • Read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (-) and equals (=) signs
  • Solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher


Position & Transformation

  • Recognise and name common 2-D and 3-D shapes
  • Describe the position of objects and direction quarter and three-quarter turn



  • Compare, describe, measure and begin to record and solve practical problems for length/height/capacity/time
  • Recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years
  • Tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times

Media Studies

Hand in hand with ongoing literacy, media studies uses animations to launch projects which develop comprehension, critical thinking, fluency and writing skills. The culminating piece of work is often shared with parents in school.



Music is essentially a practical subject. Children are encouraged to sing, compose and use musical instruments in order to develop their creative and performance skills. Through active listening, children’s awareness and understanding of different periods, styles and genres are developed.
In Year 1 children’s skills are developed in these areas: rhythm and beat, pitch, dynamics, tempo and knowledge of musical instruments.


PE (Physical Education)

We aim to develop agility, co-ordination and confidence through physical activity. All children have two sessions of P.E. a week. Ball skills, dance, gymnastics and games are taught during these lessons.
There is an annual Fun Sports Day held in the Summer Term.


PSHE (Personal, Social and Health Education)

We follow the SEAL (Social, Emotional Aspects of Learning) programme which helps to improve behaviour thereby improving learning.
Children have a chance to discuss topics which help them to develop social skills; become aware of their own personalities, strengths and weaknesses; become aware of the subject of bullying and know how to avoid it or what happens if they come across it; set goals; make and keep friends; how to prepare and cope with changes.


Themes throughout the year:

  • New Beginnings focuses on developing children's skills in four key areas: empathy, self-awareness, social skills and motivation.
  • Getting On and Falling Out focuses on developing children's skills in three key areas: empathy, managing feelings (with a focus on anger) and social skills.
  • Say No to Bullying focuses on what bullying is, how it feels, why people bully, how we can prevent and respond to it and how children can tackle this problem.
  • Going for Goals aims to develop children's self-awareness and promote goal-motivated behaviour.
  • Good to Be Me focuses on developing children's skills in three key areas: self-awareness, managing feelings and empathy.
  • Relationships explores feelings, including loss and embarrassment, within the context of our important relationships with family and friends
  • Changes aims to give children an understanding of different types of change, positive and negative and equip them to manage their feelings.


Each theme begins and ends with a whole school assembly and each class follows the theme at their level using circle time and any class opportunities that arise naturally.


Religious Studies

Using the Beginners Bible picture Bible the children meet the main characters and events of the Old Testament.



The study of science at the Primary level covers the following three main areas:

  • Life processes and living things
  • Materials and their properties
  • Physical processes


The new 2014 curriculum helps children develop a hands-on experiential knowledge of science in the following topics:

  • Ourselves
  • Sorting and Using Materials
  • Growing Plants
  • Light and Dark
  • Pushes and Pulls
  • Sound and Hearing

See an Overview of the Primary School Education 1st Year Curriculum


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